Positive and Negative Type of Cholesterol

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Judging from the medical perspectives, cholesterol is basically viewed as the type of fat which our human body uses for many things. This thing so-called cholesterol by nature is a building block of cell membranes which plays an important role around our skin cells. Cholesterol is used to make bile acids that help us digest and absorb foods naturally. Nevertheless, cholesterol is necessarily required for the formation of vitamin D and some hormones including testosterone and estrogen.

To kick start with the above topic discourse, the function of cholesterol in a human body is very essential. Our body regulates cholesterol levels through our blood called the serum cholesterol. Nutritionists by far use a term to distinguish the types of cholesterol food that we eat so that they can identify and recommend us with a variety of health advises; encouraging us to work out on the improvement of our cholesterol degree.

Technically, the blood flow system embedded inside our fragile body acts as a distribution channel to supply cholesterol and other lipids which our cells require. The process of how this blood flow functions is not that simple. Like oil and water, our fat and blood do not blend or mix up easily. Hence, in order to comprehend this problem, the first thing that we need to know is how the amount of our fat is shaped and turned into proteins, and how they can possibly be mingled with our blood circulatory system. For your additional information, these tiny particles formed and fused in medical subjects are commonly known as lipoproteins (fat plus protein).

a. Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL - the villain type of cholestrol)
Nearly all the form of cells functioning in a human body can exploit LDL cholesterol according to their needs. However, due to the fact that there are usually more circulating LDL particles at one time than what a human body needs, hence, the duty of care to eliminate an excessive amount of blood and turn it into more required bile acids or new lipoprotein is vital for the blood circulations. If the liver organ cannot compete with the supply of LDL, then these formed particles so-called bile acids or lipoprotein will likely to settle in a wrong spot (usually, they end up in the blood vessels), which makes them quite toxic for a human’s heart.

As for the safety precaution, the LDL level which stands at 130 mg/dL or above is considered high and risky for people to suffer from a heart disease. Nonetheless, there are also some recent studies which argue that people with the LDL level below 70 mg/dL are less prone to the threats of suffering from a heart attack or stroke.

b. High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL – the good type of cholestrol)
While it is crystal clear that LDL cholesterol is the vicious type, the HDL which is the good type of cholesterol in contrast works very differently from the LDL one. By definition, HDL particles have many therapeutic proteins which do not contain a lot of fat. They draw excessive cholesterol away from blood vessel bricks to other parts of a human body.

If we think of LDL (the villain cholesterol) is formed in the blood vessels as circulatory trashes, then the HDL acts like a garbage collector that takes the fatty material from the brick of blood vessels and deliver it to the liver for disposal. After all, the HDL level reaches less than 40 mg / dL in men and less than 50 mg/dL in women are considered safe to have low risks of heart disease (60 mg/dL or higher is argued to be much safer).

As for the non-cholesterol fat spotted in lipoprotein particles, they are called triglycerides. The term is derived from its chemical structure; three fatty acids attached to one alcohol and are called glycerol. Triglycerides are important for our health system because it is normally used as an energy source. However, too many triglycerides seem to be damaging for our arteries and our heart organ. Thus, triglyceride level shown below 150 mg/dL is considered normal, 150 to 199 mg/dL is moderately high, 200 to 499 mg/dL is fairly high, while 500 mg/dL or above is considered threatening or harmful.

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Alcohol – Friend or Foe?

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Several studies have argued that alcohol can provoke a healthy impact on a human’s heart. There has been a wider field of scientific investigations conducted which imply that certain type of chemicals discovered in red wine appear to be antioxidants, though they are likely to escalate any dramatic level of High Density Lipoproteins (HDL) cholesterol simultaneously.

Following the first and above point of argument, there are also similar studies undertaken which discover that not only the wine products are the causes of a person’s dramatic high blood pressure, but also any kinds of alcoholic substances consumed routinely even if they prove or claim to be ostensibly healthy for a person’s heartAs a result, the similarity in all these claims may blatantly suggest that consuming alcohol is somewhat beneficial for people’s health if it is taken on a moderate level. Whatever it ishaving an excessive amount of alcohol intake is strictly and medically forbidden since it can dramatically provoke such a high blood pressure and obesity, so as to aggravate a person’s health improvement in progress while taking medications.

Often, men in general are advised to consume no more than two drinks (2 ounces of alcohol) per day while women in contrast absorb more alcohol regularly. However, women are also reprimanded to curb their daily alcohol intake too which is one drink in a day (one ounce of alcohol). People of small stature or those who are underweight are more susceptible to the effects of alcohol compared to those who are overweight. Because of this, the consumption limit of alcohol on a regular basis should be no more than 0.5 ounces per day according to prominent medical recommendations.

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Creative Vs. Innovative

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Being an entrepreneur does not always associate with extravagant things such as investing a large amount of capital, exhibiting a grand showroom inside a shopping mall, using such sophisticated and cutting-edge business equipment, and so on. As we know, there are plenty of entrepreneurial efforts which can be run in many different ways such as working from home, running an eCommerce venture which relies heavily on the internet access by offering a couple of commercial products online, and so forth.

The main recipe to stand out distinctively from others with regards to a business survival is actually simple; a person must have creative ideas to create his/her products which are unique and affordable. Home industrialized products such as towels, cartoon dolls, traditional clothing, a type of cereals, and other fast moving consumer goods, for instance, have proven to attract the major proportion of their market shares through their specified product clusters. To have creative and innovative ideas in business are becoming more important forces when it comes to coping with a product creation. However, there is a slight fundamental difference between being creative and innovative:

a. Being creative means able to create something different from others, while innovative is capable of producing something that does not even exist yet.

b. A creative mind empowers an individual to connect and process diverse ideas or things, while an innovative mind challenges a person to be capable of producing something utterly different or unique in a sense.

When an entrepreneur gets stuck to think creatively or become clueless in innovation, the consequence of it will be that their business is unlikely to thrive or even survive in the near term. Therefore, one of the greatest challenges of being an entrepreneur is that a person must continually develop themselves and become regularly oriented towards their business aspects; especially, when it comes to the matter of dealing with their product creations, marketing strategies, and optimal customer services.

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Building & Scaling a Sole Proprietorship

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Prior to a commencing stage of your self-employment scheme, first of all, it is imperative that you need to figure out beforehand how the business operation and the scale of entrepreneurship of yours will take place. This is because without a proper business plan, there is a higher risk of business failure you will encounter since you are not prepared enough to go into a battle field (you do not have a solid business plan to prevail over your future competitors in a fierce business competition). Therefore, below here are some of the little guidelines which I hope they can help you to make decisions of what you should consider before embarking onto your keen business venture:

a. Set your preferable business industry
- Decide in advance what sort of business area you are keen to involve yourself in. By principle, several industrialized areas can be classed as follows:
 1. The business sectors which are rarely preyed by competitors. Perhaps, you may start to look for an industry which does not engage a fierce competition; a business which probably does not surface yet or is still regarded as rare.
 2. The business sectors which have long existed in a market. Well, in case if you can’t execute the first above option, you may also select a business which has been done by others, but there are still many people who are reluctant to do so. For example, many women hesitate to open their own boutique stores simply because they fear of competing with others in that fashion industry. Well, it might not be a major issue if you have stood up firmly selling the clothes which have some unique and distinctive features compared to your competitors.

b. Specify your business location
- Where will be the location of your planned running business? Will you plan to run it at home, a small rented office space, or rent a shop? For your reference, location does play a fairly significant role for businesses to succeed. Hence, you who must decide yourself carefully on what would be the right location for your future planned business.

c. Analyze your target customers
- Once you have successfully decided on your business spot, then here comes another vital part which is how will you attract some of your future customers? As if your business is focusing on a service delivery, how will you invite some potential clients? Do you intend to promote your business through word of mouth? As you can see, there are so many roads to run a preliminary introduction of your chosen business. In other words, you are the captain of your ship since you have full discretion or absolute authorities to encompass your promotional activities on your business product.

d. Determine the total number of your manpower (your employees)
- How many people will you employ? Is it just your own or do you intend to hire a couple of people to help you carry out your business? Well, you may start with a sufficient number of workers and as your business thrives or develops in progress, then you may consider recruiting additional manpower to be employed.

e. Draft your planned financial statement
- It is no longer a surprising fact that many businesses failed to survive or faced bankruptcy merely because they had no cash in hand. Therefore, it is essentially critical to reserve the amount of capital required to help fuel your business operation onward; especially, the amount of your equity put into your business has to be sufficient at the price of your operational expenditures so that your business is unlikely to experience a shortage of liquidity. In this case, you have to estimate your cash flow figure by drafting a constructive report of your financial statement in a year so that you can monitor the progress and make any cost reduction whenever necessary.

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Several Brain Issues Which Are Associated With Harmful Substances

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Sadly, one of the serious medical concerns pertaining to a human brain impairment is addiction. As living creatures, we become vulnerably addicted to several types of chemical substances which is dangerous for our brain condition. Perhaps, the most prevalent example of such an addictive substance to kick start this topic discourse is nicotine. In the case of heavy smokers, nicotine plays a central part in releasing a dopamine to their body in which it seduces them to become increasingly addicted to it; leading them to have repetitive habits of regular smoking as a result of dopamine being constantly pumped into their body system. Although the fact that dopamine does have its particular ability to prompt such a luring temptation among the active smokers, however, other categorized substances like carbohydrates also can contribute to the number of cases where people are being heavily addicted by.

Basically, such a chemical substance as dopamine in particular provides a sensational feeling to smokers, the thing which prompts them unlikely to refrain themselves from regular smoking on a daily basis. Having a lack of sleep as it does affect hormones to be released and declined naturally, for another instance, can also be one of the many reasons why some people become addicted to carbohydrates, sugars, and fats which aggravate not only their health condition but also their aging process, as they tend to get rid of other consumption of healthier foods that are available to them.

Surely, we are fully aware of the fact that nicotine is the toxic champion, mainly because of its physiological effect on a human’s body. The amount of addiction manifested is not only in the sense of emotional response towards the urgency of the substance use, but also is in the physical needs in which our brain tells our body unconsciously that it needs an imminent nicotine intake to prevent such unwelcoming symptoms as feeling anxious or a sudden headache. Therefore, one of the available ways to unleash some comfort in our brain is through a feeling of relaxation.

Meanwhile, feeling addicted to alcohol can also expose us to inflict more damages to our brain. Having an excessive amount of alcohol consumption, for example, can lead to other mental diseases such as anxiety and depression. Of all those chemical substances which have been mentioned so far, they control different spaces or separate dimensions inside our brain. For example, some of them can make us feeling sensational (nicotine in tobacco) whereas others (notably, wine) can cause us feeling depressed.

While we still have to remember the fact that even though those chemical reactions are taking place hugely in our body, however, we also have this ability to make such a significant transition to achieve a better healthy life throughout what we consume, our ways of thinking, and the actions that we take. All of these can be applied similarly for other related-chemical dilemma such as depression. In other words, this is merely the simplest medical approach. When we have a broken leg, obviously we cannot run. No matter how hard we try, we still and will not be able to do so.

In simple language, that is exactly how our body works at times. Our body is physically dead and therefore we cannot carry out a certain number of routines on a regular basis. And this is similar to people who are depressed in many cases. They have some inner parts which are left broken almost certainly due to the chemical reactions in their brain; making them unable to run their daily activities normally. 

Of course, we may have to note down as well the fact that depression is associated with aging. It can drive a person to feel, act, and look older quickly. So perhaps, this is one of the many reasons why depression is closely linked to cardiovascular aging, since there was one study conducted which explained that men and women who suffer from heart disease at a time of their depression have 69% higher death rates compared to those who only suffer from a heart disease without depression.

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Component Systems in Economy – Free Market Economy, Centralized Economy, and Mixed Economy

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1. Free Market Economy
In the scope of free market economy, the entirety of production activity is largely occupied by a private sector, not by the state or government. The shape of goods and services produced in a country is determined by an interaction of supply and demand through this procedure called pricing system.

In regards to the basic element of economic theory, we all already know that when the demand exceeds the supply, the price will obviously rise which gives a signal to manufacturers to produce more units of outputs. Similarly, if the supply exceeds the demand, then the determining price in reverse will drop automatically; giving an order to manufacturers to reduce their amount of goods produced. After all, there is this famous quote that has long been passed down which is "Customer is A King".

Perhaps, such a figure of consumers’ spending patterns can be easily marked by product manufacturers through a mechanism of pricing system which is hugely determined by what is to produce and how large the number of quantity items demanded and needed to be offered to end users. Therefore, any market that occupies such a system or a pricing mechanism should not be restricted in terms of what product needs to be offered in a market based on the supply and demand curve.

2. Centralized Economy
Following the structure of a free market economy as explained above, a country’s government in regards to the centralized economic system is the one who has the planning and absolute authority to determine what goods and services should be produced in their nationwide states (i.e. the number of unit production and the product selling prices).

Consistently in align of the ideology of collectivism, the purpose of centralized economic mechanism (particularly, strictly under the order of government) is to allocate resources for the sake of a nation’s social welfare at equal level. Other than this, the entire business activities run in the centralized economy is inevitably controlled by the local states or the government itself so that they can directly monitor and lead the entire business operations in order to deliver the best results for their country’s investment conclusively which does not aim for the interests of a certain individual.

Moreover, when we look at some pre-existing economic archives, the centralized economic system was believed to be found in the early communist nations, in which the purpose was collectively prioritized over individual goals. Ever since the growing extinction of communist belief in the late 1980s, there had been figures of centralized economic systems which seemed to be less adopted significantly.

Perhaps, some elements in the centralized economy are in line with several democracy ideologies in certain nations where their government tend to be rather socialists. For example, France and India were once allegedly reported to have been experimenting with their extensively governing plan and ownership across their nation’s states, even though the plan was not really that preferable. Because of this, the goal of centralized economic system is nothing but to cultivate all the feasible economic resources in a nation for its public welfare. After all, the state-owned companies in the centralized economy possess a little authority to control their production costs efficiently, since these companies will be unlikely to go out of business due to the sheer guarantee offered by their government.

3. Mixed Economy
Finally, the mixture between the above two systems is referred to the mixed economic system. Within its framework, a certain part of industrialized sectors are generally allowed to be owned by private parties, as the principle of such an integrated economic system is to be adopted as well in a free market economy.

The incorporated mechanism of what we call it simply as a mixed economic system can be geographically found in different parts of the world, even though the list of countries that apply this system are gradually declined. For example, it was not a long times ago that a few well-developed countries such as the United Kingdom, France, and Sweden happened to have adopted a mixed economic system despite their extensive global interest over the privatization policy, resulting in their number of government-owned companies sold to public investors.

Additionally, such a similar trend can also be further observed in other nations (e.g. Brazil, Italy, India, Singapore, etc.) where their government-owned sectors were once in a larger scale. And in case if we can scrutinize the pattern of this mixed economy system deeper, we may end up gaining a clearer picture of among the objectives of a combined system in economy is to save a company on the brink of bankruptcy so that the government will have the opportunity to preserve and keep their country’s economy going forward.

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